BES Reports

The Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRC) directly address the use-inspired basic research needs articulated in a subset of workshop reports sponsored by BES.  Each report is written by university, industry, and DOE laboratory experts who attend a workshop to assess the scope of fundamental scientific research that must be considered to address the DOE mission in each topical area.  Altogether, these workshops have engaged more than 2,000 participants.  The BES Reports named in the EFRC Funding Opportunity Announcements that led to the current EFRC awards are listed below, along with the EFRCs that have self-identified as addressing those reports.

A full list of BES Reports can be found on the BES Community Resources – Reports page.


Basic Research Needs for Advanced Nuclear Energy Systems (2009 - 2018)

Years Lead Institution Director(s) Center Name
2009-2014 Oak Ridge National Laboratory G. Malcolm Stocks Center for Defect Physics in Structural Materials (CDP)
2009-2014 Los Alamos National Laboratory Michael Nastasi (8/2009 - 11/2011);
Amit Misra (12/2011 - 7/2014)
Center for Materials at Irradiation and Mechanical Extremes (CMIME)
2009-2014 Idaho National Laboratory Dieter Wolf (9/2009 - 5/2010);
Todd Allen (6/2010 - 7/2014)
Center for Materials Science of Nuclear Fuel (CMSNF)
2009-2014 University of South Carolina Kenneth Reifsnider Heterogeneous Functional Materials Center (HeteroFoaM)
2009-2018 University of Notre Dame Peter Burns Materials Science of Actinides (MSA)

Basic Research Needs for Carbon Capture: Beyond 2020 (2009 – 2018)

Years Lead Institution Director(s) Center Name
2009-2018 Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Donald DePaolo Center for Nanoscale Control of Geologic CO2 (NCGC)(8/1/2009 - 7/31/2014); 
Center for Nanoscale Controls on Geologic CO2 (NCGC) (8/1/2014 - 7/31/2018)
2009-2018 University of Texas at Austin Gary Pope (8/1/2009 - 6/30/2013);
Steven Bryant (7/1/2013 - 8/30/2014);
Larry Lake (9/1/2014 - 7/31/2018)
Center for Frontiers of Subsurface Energy Security (CFSES)

Basic Research Needs: Catalysis for Energy (2009 – 2018)

Years Lead Institution Director(s) Center Name
2009-2014 Louisiana State University James Spivey Center for Atomic-Level Catalyst Design (CALCD)
2009-2014 Arizona State University Devens Gust Center for Bio-Inspired Solar Fuel Production (BISfuel)
2009-2014 University of Virginia T. Brent Gunnoe Center for Catalytic Hydrocarbon Functionalization (CCHF)
2009-2014 General Electric Global Research Grigorii Soloveichik Center for Electrocatalysis, Transport Phenomena and Materials for Innovative Energy Storage (CETM)
2009-2014 Stanford University Fritz Prinz and Stacey Bent Center on Nanostructuring for Efficient Energy Conversion (CNEEC)
2009-2014 Cornell University Hector D. Abruna Energy Materials Center at Cornell (emc2)
2009-2014 Argonne National Laboratory Christopher L. Marshall Institute for Atom-Efficient Chemical Transformations (IACT)
2009-2018 Carnegie Institution of Washington Ho-kwang Mao (8/1/2009 - 7/31/2014);
Russell Hemley (8/1/2014 - 7/31/2018)
Energy Frontier Research in Extreme Environments (Efree)
2009-2018 Purdue University Maureen McCann Center for Direct Catalytic Conversion of Biomass to Biofuels (C3Bio)

Basic Research Needs for Clean and Efficient Combustion of 21st Century Transportation Fuels (2009 - 2018)

Years Lead Institution Director(s) Center Name
2009-2014 Donald Danforth Plant Science Center Richard Sayre (8/2009 - 9/2011);
Jan Jaworski (10/2011 - 7/2014)
Center for Advanced Biofuel Systems (CABS)
2009-2014 Louisiana State University James Spivey Center for Atomic-Level Catalyst Design (CALCD)
2009-2014 University of Virginia T. Brent Gunnoe Center for Catalytic Hydrocarbon Functionalization (CCHF)
2009-2014 Princeton University Chung K. Law Combustion Energy Frontier Research Center (CEFRC)

Basic Research Needs for Electrical Energy Storage (2009 - 2018)

Years Lead Institution Director(s) Center Name
2009-2014 General Electric Global Research Grigorii Soloveichik Center for Electrocatalysis, Transport Phenomena and Materials for Innovative Energy Storage (CETM)
2009-2014 University of California, Santa Barbara John Bowers Center for Energy Efficient Materials (CEEM)
2009-2014 Stanford University Fritz Prinz and Stacey Bent Center on Nanostructuring for Efficient Energy Conversion (CNEEC)
2009-2014 Cornell University Hector D. Abruna Energy Materials Center at Cornell (emc2)
2009-2014 University of South Carolina Kenneth Reifsnider Heterogeneous Functional Materials Center (HeteroFoaM)
2009-2014 University of California, Los Angeles Vidvuds Ozolins Molecularly Engineered Energy Materials (MEEM)
2009-2014 University of Texas, Austin Paul Barbara (8/2009 - 10/2010);
Xiaoyang Zhu (11/2010 - 5/2012);
Peter Rossky (6/2012 - 7/2014)
Understanding Charge Separation and Transfer at Interfaces in Energy Materials (CST)
2009-2018 Carnegie Institution of Washington Ho-kwang Mao (8/1/2009 - 7/31/2014);
Russell Hemley (8/1/2014 - 7/31/2018)
Energy Frontier Research in Extreme Environments (Efree)

Basic Research Needs for Environmental Management (2016 – 2018)

Years Lead Institution Director(s) Center Name
2009-2018 University of Notre Dame Peter Burns Materials Science of Actinides (MSA)
2009-2018 University of Texas at Austin Gary Pope (8/1/2009 - 6/30/2013);
Steven Bryant (7/1/2013 - 8/30/2014);
Larry Lake (9/1/2014 - 7/31/2018)
Center for Frontiers of Subsurface Energy Security (CFSES)

Basic Research Needs for Geosciences: Facilitating 21st Century Energy Systems (2009 – 2018)

Years Lead Institution Director(s) Center Name
2009-2018 Carnegie Institution of Washington Ho-kwang Mao (8/1/2009 - 7/31/2014);
Russell Hemley (8/1/2014 - 7/31/2018)
Energy Frontier Research in Extreme Environments (Efree)
2009-2018 Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Donald DePaolo Center for Nanoscale Control of Geologic CO2 (NCGC) (8/1/2009 - 7/31/2014); 
Center for Nanoscale Controls on Geologic CO2 (NCGC) (8/1/2014 - 7/31/2018)
2009-2018 University of Texas at Austin Gary Pope (8/1/2009 - 6/30/2013);
Steven Bryant (7/1/2013 - 8/30/2014);
Larry Lake (9/1/2014 - 7/31/2018)
Center for Frontiers of Subsurface Energy Security (CFSES)
2014-2018 University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Robert Finley (8/1/2015 - 4/15/2015);
Scott Frailey (4/16/2015 - 7/31/2018)
Center for Geologic Storage of CO2 (GSCO2)

Basic Research Needs for the Hydrogen Economy (2009 – 2018)

Years Lead Institution Director(s) Center Name
2009-2014 Louisiana State University James Spivey Center for Atomic-Level Catalyst Design (CALCD)
2009-2014 Arizona State University Devens Gust Center for Bio-Inspired Solar Fuel Production (BISfuel)
2009-2014 General Electric Grigorii Soloveichik Center for Electrocatalysis, Transport Phenomena and Materials for Innovative Energy Storage (CETM)
2009-2014 Global Research
Cornell University
Hector D. Abruna Energy Materials Center at Cornell (emc2)
2009-2018 Carnegie Institution of Washington Ho-kwang Mao (8/1/2009 - 7/31/2014);
Russell Hemley (8/1/2014 - 7/31/2018)
Energy Frontier Research in Extreme Environments (Efree)

Basic Research Needs for Materials under Extreme Environments (2009 – 2018)

Years Lead Institution Director(s) Center Name
2009-2014 Arizona State University Devens Gust Center for Bio-Inspired Solar Fuel Production (BISfuel)
2009-2014 Oak Ridge National Laboratory G. Malcolm Stocks Center for Defect Physics in Structural Materials (CDP)
2009-2014 Los Alamos National Laboratory Michael Nastasi (8/2009 - 11/2011);
Amit Misra (12/2011 - 7/2014)
Center for Materials at Irradiation and Mechanical Extremes (CMIME)
2009-2014 Idaho National Laboratory Dieter Wolf (9/2009 - 5/2010);
Todd Allen (6/2010 - 7/2014)
Center for Materials Science of Nuclear Fuel (CMSNF)
2009-2014 University of South Carolina Kenneth Reifsnider Heterogeneous Functional Materials Center (HeteroFoaM)
2009-2014 Michigan State University Donald T. Morelli Revolutionary Materials for Solid State Energy Conversion (RMSSEC)
2009-2018 California Institute of Technology Harry Atwater (8/1/2009-1/30/2015);
Ralph Nuzzo (2/1/2015 - 7/31/2018)
Light-Material Interactions in Energy Conversion (LMI)
2009-2018 Carnegie Institution of Washington Ho-kwang Mao (8/1/2009 - 7/31/2014);
Russell Hemley (8/1/2014 - 7/31/2018)
Energy Frontier Research in Extreme Environments (Efree)
2009-2018 Massachusetts Institute of Technology Gang Chen Solid-State Solar-Thermal Energy Conversion Center (S3TEC)
2009-2018 University of Notre Dame Peter Burns Materials Science of Actinides (MSA)

Basic Research Needs for Solar Energy Utilization (2009 – 2018)

Years Lead Institution Director(s) Center Name
2009-2014 Donald Danforth Plant Science Center Richard Sayre (8/2009 - 9/2011);
Jan Jaworski (10/2011 - 7/2014)
Center for Advanced Biofuel Systems (CABS)
2009-2014 Arizona State University Devens Gust Center for Bio-Inspired Solar Fuel Production (BISfuel)
2009-2014 University of California, Santa Barbara John Bowers Center for Energy Efficient Materials (CEEM)
2009-2014 University of Southern California P. Daniel Dapkus Center for Energy Nanoscience (CEN)
2009-2014 University of Arizona Neal R. Armstrong Center for Interface Science: Solar Electric Materials (CISSEM)
2009-2014 National Renewable Energy Laboratory Alex Zunger (8/2009 - 5/2011);
William Tumas (6/2011 - 7/2014)
Center for Inverse Design (CID)
2009-2014 Stanford University Fritz Prinz and Stacey Bent Center on Nanostructuring for Efficient Energy Conversion (CNEEC)
2009-2014 University of Michigan Peter F. Green Center for Solar and Thermal Energy Conversion (CSTEC)
2009-2014 Sandia National Laboratories Jerry Simmons (8/2009 - 10/2011);
Michael E. Coltrin (11/2011 - 7/2014)
EFRC for Solid State Lighting Science (SSLS)
2009-2014 University of California, Los Angeles Vidvuds Ozolins Molecularly Engineered Energy Materials (MEEM)
2009-2014 University of Massachusetts Thomas P. Russell and Paul Lahti Polymer-Based Materials for Harvesting Solar Energy (PHaSE)
2009-2014 Columbia University James Yardley Re-Defining Photovoltaic Efficiency Through Molecule Scale Control (RPEMSC)
2009-2014 Michigan State University Donald T. Morelli Revolutionary Materials for Solid State Energy Conversion (RMSSEC)
2009-2014 University of Texas, Austin Paul Barbara (8/2009 - 10/2010);
Xiaoyang Zhu (11/2010 - 5/2012);
Peter Rossky (6/2012 - 7/2014)
Understanding Charge Separation and Transfer at Interfaces in Energy Materials (CST)
2009-2018 California Institute of Technology Harry Atwater (8/1/2009-1/30/2015);
Ralph Nuzzo (2/1/2015 - 7/31/2018)
Light-Material Interactions in Energy Conversion (LMI)
2009-2018 Carnegie Institution of Washington Ho-kwang Mao (8/1/2009 - 7/31/2014);
Russell Hemley (8/1/2014 - 7/31/2018)
Energy Frontier Research in Extreme Environments (Efree)
2009-2018 Los Alamos National Laboratory Victor Klimov Center for Advanced Solar Photophysics (CASP)
2009-2018 Massachusetts Institute of Technology Marc Baldo Center for Excitonics (CE)
2009-2018 Massachusetts Institute of Technology Gang Chen Solid-State Solar-Thermal Energy Conversion Center (S3TEC)
2009-2018 Purdue University Maureen McCann Center for Direct Catalytic Conversion of Biomass to Biofuels (C3Bio)
2009-2018 Washington University in St. Louis Robert Blankenship Photosynthetic Antenna Research Center (PARC)

Basic Research Needs for Solid State Lighting (2009 – 2018)

Years Lead Institution Director(s) Center Name
2009-2014 University of California, Santa Barbara John Bowers Center for Energy Efficient Materials (CEEM)
2009-2014 University of Southern California P. Daniel Dapkus Center for Energy Nanoscience (CEN)
2009-2014 University of Michigan Peter F. Green Center for Solar and Thermal Energy Conversion (CSTEC)
2009-2014 Sandia National Laboratories Jerry Simmons (8/2009 - 10/2011);
Michael E. Coltrin (11/2011 - 7/2014)
EFRC for Solid State Lighting Science (SSLS)
2009-2018 California Institute of Technology Harry Atwater (8/1/2009-1/30/2015);
Ralph Nuzzo (2/1/2015 - 7/31/2018)
Light-Material Interactions in Energy Conversion (LMI)
2009-2018 Massachusetts Institute of Technology Marc Baldo Center for Excitonics (CE)
2009-2018 Massachusetts Institute of Technology Gang Chen Solid-State Solar-Thermal Energy Conversion Center (S3TEC)

Basic Research Needs for Superconductivity (2009 – 2018)

Years Lead Institution Director(s) Center Name
2009-2018 Brookhaven National Laboratory Seamus Davis (8/1/2009 - 7/31/2014);
Peter Johnson (8/1/2014 - 7/31/2018)
Center for Emergent Superconductivity (CES)
2009-2018 Carnegie Institution of Washington Ho-kwang Mao (8/1/2009 - 7/31/2014);
Russell Hemley (8/1/2014 - 7/31/2018)
Energy Frontier Research in Extreme Environments (Efree)

Computational Materials Science and Chemistry: Accelerating Discovery and Innovation through Simulation-Based Engineering and Science (2014 – 2018)

Years Lead Institution Director(s) Center Name
2009-2018 Brookhaven National Laboratory Seamus Davis (8/1/2009 - 7/31/2014);
Peter Johnson (8/1/2014 - 7/31/2018)
Center for Emergent Superconductivity (CES)
2009-2018 California Institute of Technology Harry Atwater (8/1/2009-1/30/2015);
Ralph Nuzzo (2/1/2015 - 7/31/2018)
Light-Material Interactions in Energy Conversion (LMI)
2009-2018 Carnegie Institution of Washington Ho-kwang Mao (8/1/2009 - 7/31/2014);
Russell Hemley (8/1/2014 - 7/31/2018)
Energy Frontier Research in Extreme Environments (Efree)
2009-2018 Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Donald DePaolo Center for Nanoscale Control of Geologic CO2 (NCGC) (8/1/2009 - 7/31/2014); 
Center for Nanoscale Controls on Geologic CO2 (NCGC) (8/1/2014 - 7/31/2018)
2009-2018 Los Alamos National Laboratory Victor Klimov Center for Advanced Solar Photophysics (CASP)
2009-2018 Massachusetts Institute of Technology Marc Baldo Center for Excitonics (CE)
2009-2018 Massachusetts Institute of Technology Gang Chen Solid-State Solar-Thermal Energy Conversion Center (S3TEC)
2009-2018 University of Notre Dame Peter Burns Materials Science of Actinides (MSA)
2009-2018 University of Texas at Austin Gary Pope (8/1/2009 - 6/30/2013);
Steven Bryant (7/1/2013 - 8/30/2014);
Larry Lake (9/1/2014 - 7/31/2018)
Center for Frontiers of Subsurface Energy Security (CFSES)
2009-2018 Washington University in St. Louis Robert Blankenship Photosynthetic Antenna Research Center (PARC)
2009-2018 Brookhaven National Laboratory Seamus Davis (8/1/2009 - 7/31/2014);
Peter Johnson (8/1/2014 - 7/31/2018)
Center for Emergent Superconductivity (CES)
2009-2018 California Institute of Technology Harry Atwater (8/1/2009-1/30/2015);
Ralph Nuzzo (2/1/2015 - 7/31/2018)
Light-Material Interactions in Energy Conversion (LMI)

From Quanta to Continuum: Mesoscale Science (2014 – 2018)

Years Lead Institution Director(s) Center Name
2009-2018 Brookhaven National Laboratory Seamus Davis (8/1/2009 - 7/31/2014);
Peter Johnson (8/1/2014 - 7/31/2018)
Center for Emergent Superconductivity (CES)
2009-2018 California Institute of Technology Harry Atwater (8/1/2009-1/30/2015);
Ralph Nuzzo (2/1/2015 - 7/31/2018)
Light-Material Interactions in Energy Conversion (LMI)
2009-2018 Carnegie Institution of Washington Ho-kwang Mao (8/1/2009 - 7/31/2014);
Russell Hemley (8/1/2014 - 7/31/2018)
Energy Frontier Research in Extreme Environments (Efree)
2009-2018 Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Donald DePaolo Center for Nanoscale Control of Geologic CO2 (NCGC)(8/1/2009 - 7/31/2014); 
Center for Nanoscale Controls on Geologic CO2 (NCGC) (8/1/2014 - 7/31/2018)
2009-2018 Los Alamos National Laboratory Victor Klimov Center for Advanced Solar Photophysics (CASP)
2009-2018 Massachusetts Institute of Technology Marc Baldo Center for Excitonics (CE)
2009-2018 Massachusetts Institute of Technology Gang Chen Solid-State Solar-Thermal Energy Conversion Center (S3TEC)
2009-2018 Purdue University Maureen McCann Center for Direct Catalytic Conversion of Biomass to Biofuels (C3Bio)
2009-2018 University of Notre Dame Peter Burns Materials Science of Actinides (MSA)
2009-2018 University of Texas at Austin Gary Pope (8/1/2009 - 6/30/2013);
Steven Bryant (7/1/2013 - 8/30/2014);
Larry Lake (9/1/2014 - 7/31/2018)
Center for Frontiers of Subsurface Energy Security (CFSES)
2009-2018 Washington University in St. Louis Robert Blankenship Photosynthetic Antenna Research Center (PARC)
2014-2018 University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Robert Finley (8/1/2015 - 4/15/2015);
Scott Frailey (4/16/2015 - 7/31/2018)
Center for Geologic Storage of CO2 (GSCO2)

New Science for a Secure and Sustainable Energy Future (2014 – 2018)

Years Lead Institution Director(s) Center Name
2009-2018 California Institute of Technology Harry Atwater (8/1/2009-1/30/2015);
Ralph Nuzzo (2/1/2015 - 7/31/2018)
Light-Material Interactions in Energy Conversion (LMI)
2009-2018 Los Alamos National Laboratory Victor Klimov Center for Advanced Solar Photophysics (CASP)
2009-2018 Massachusetts Institute of Technology Gang Chen Solid-State Solar-Thermal Energy Conversion Center (S3TEC)
2009-2018 Purdue University Maureen McCann Center for Direct Catalytic Conversion of Biomass to Biofuels (C3Bio)
2009-2018 University of Texas at Austin Gary Pope (8/1/2009 - 6/30/2013);
Steven Bryant (7/1/2013 - 8/30/2014);
Larry Lake (9/1/2014 - 7/31/2018)
Center for Frontiers of Subsurface Energy Security (CFSES)
2014-2018 University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Robert Finley (8/1/2015 - 4/15/2015);
Scott Frailey (4/16/2015 - 7/31/2018)
Center for Geologic Storage of CO2 (GSCO2)

Science for Energy Technology: Strengthening the Link between Basic Research and Industry (2014 – 2018)

Years Lead Institution Director(s) Center Name
2009-2018 California Institute of Technology Harry Atwater (8/1/2009-1/30/2015);
Ralph Nuzzo (2/1/2015 - 7/31/2018)
Light-Material Interactions in Energy Conversion (LMI)
2009-2018 Carnegie Institution of Washington Ho-kwang Mao (8/1/2009 - 7/31/2014);
Russell Hemley (8/1/2014 - 7/31/2018)
Energy Frontier Research in Extreme Environments (Efree)
2009-2018 Los Alamos National Laboratory Victor Klimov Center for Advanced Solar Photophysics (CASP)
2009-2018 Massachusetts Institute of Technology Gang Chen Solid-State Solar-Thermal Energy Conversion Center (S3TEC)
2009-2018 Purdue University Maureen McCann Center for Direct Catalytic Conversion of Biomass to Biofuels (C3Bio)
2009-2018 University of Notre Dame Peter Burns Materials Science of Actinides (MSA)
2009-2018 University of Texas at Austin Gary Pope (8/1/2009 - 6/30/2013);
Steven Bryant (7/1/2013 - 8/30/2014);
Larry Lake (9/1/2014 - 7/31/2018)
Center for Frontiers of Subsurface Energy Security (CFSES)
2014-2018 University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Robert Finley (8/1/2015 - 4/15/2015);
Scott Frailey (4/16/2015 - 7/31/2018)
Center for Geologic Storage of CO2 (GSCO2)