Fluid Interface Reactions, Structures and Transport Center (FIRST)

FIRST Header


Sheng Dai

Lead Institution

Oak Ridge National Laboratory




To achieve fundamental understanding and validated, predictive models of the atomistic origins of electrolyte and coupled electron transport under nanoconfinement that will enable transformative advances in capacitive electrical energy storage and other energy-relevant interfacial systems.

Research Topics

electrical energy storage, extreme environments, defects, mechanical behavior, charge transport, separations, water, materials and chemistry by design, synthesis (novel systems), synthesis (predictive)

Systems Studied

Systems: oxide, electrolytes, ionic liquid, porous

Interfaces: organic/inorganic, liquid/solid

Nanostructured: 1D, 2D, 3D

Experimental and Theoretical Methods

X-ray diffraction and scattering, X-ray spectroscopy, neutron diffraction and scattering, neutron spectroscopy, electron microscopy, scanning probe microscopy, surface science, molecular dynamics (MD), density functional theory (DFT), multiscale modeling, machine learning

Partner Institutions

  • Ames Laboratory
  • Argonne National Laboratory
  • Drexel University
  • North Carolina State University
  • Oak Ridge National Laboratory
  • Pennsylvania State University
  • Tulane University
  • University of California, Riverside
  • University of Tennessee
  • Vanderbilt University 

BES Staff Contact

Craig Henderson