Synthesis and Processing Science

Synthesis and processing science is a key component in the discovery and design of a wide variety of energy relevant materials. This activity supports basic research for developing new techniques to synthesize materials with desired structure, properties, or behavior; to understand the physical phenomena that underpin materials synthesis such as diffusion, nucleation, and phase transitions; and to develop in situ monitoring and diagnostic capabilities. The emphasis is on the synthesis of controlled complex thin films and nanoscale materials with atomic layer-by-layer control; preparation techniques for pristine single crystal and bulk materials with novel physical properties; understanding the contributions of precursor and intermediate states to the processing of bulk nanoscale materials; exploring the underlying mechanisms for the selective growth and ordering for nanoscale to mesoscale structures under short- and long-range forces, i.e., external and substrate derived fields, and surface chemistries; and low-temperature/energy synthetic routes for nanostructured materials. An important aim is  providing synthesis and processing capabilities that enable manipulation of individual spin, charge, and atomic configurations in ways beneficial for probing the atomistic basis for materials properties. This research area supports DOE’s mission in the synthesis of 2D and wide bandgap materials as semiconductors for microelectronics; light-weight metallic alloys for efficient transportation; novel materials such as metal organic frameworks for hydrogen storage; high-entropy systems; structural ceramics and the processing of high temperature superconductors for near zero-loss electricity transmission; and development of materials and processes for transformative manufacturing.

To obtain more information about this research area, please see the proceedings of our Principal Investigators' Meetings. To better understand how this research area fits within the Department of Energy's Office of Science, please refer to the Basic Energy Science's organization chart and budget request.

For more information about this research area, please contact Dr. James Dorman.