Center for Lignocellulose Structure and Formation (CLSF)

CLSF Header


Daniel Cosgrove

Lead Institution

Pennsylvania State University




To develop a nano- to meso-scale understanding of cellulosic cell walls, the energy-rich structural material in plants, and the physical mechanisms of wall assembly, forming the foundation for new technologies in sustainable energy and novel biomaterials.

Research Topics

catalysis (heterogeneous), polymer upcycling, biomass and biofuels, bio-inspired, defects, mechanical behavior, separations, membranes, water, mesoscale science, materials and chemistry by design, mesostructured materials, synthesis (novel systems), synthesis (self-assembly), synthesis (predictive)

Systems Studied

Systems: polymer, molecules, cellulose, biological, porous

Interfaces: organic/organic, liquid/solid

Nanostructured: 1D, 2D, 3D

Experimental and Theoretical Methods

X-ray diffraction and scattering, X-ray spectroscopy, neutron diffraction and scattering, neutron spectroscopy, electron microscopy, scanning probe microscopy, near-field microscopy, surface science, molecular dynamics (MD), density functional theory (DFT), finite element methods, continuum modeling, mesoscale modeling, multiscale modeling

Partner Institutions

  • Cambridge University
  • Louisiana State University
  • Massachusetts Institute of Technology
  • North Carolina State University
  • Oak Ridge National Laboratory
  • Pennsylvania State University
  • University of Rhode Island
  • University of Texas at El Paso
  • University of Virginia 

BES Staff Contact

Viviane Schwartz, Chris Bradley