PCAST was launched by Executive Order in 2001, formalizing a process that had been in place through many previous Administrations to advise the President on matters involving science, technology, education, and innovation policy. The Council provides the President with scientific and technical information that is needed to inform public policy relating to the American economy, the American worker, national and homeland security, and other topics. The Council includes distinguished individuals from sectors outside of the Federal Government and represents diverse perspectives and expertise in science, technology, education, and innovation.