Fluid Interface Reactions, Structures and Transport Center (FIRST)

FIRST Header


Sheng Dai

Lead Institution

Oak Ridge National Laboratory




To achieve fundamental understanding and validated, predictive models of the atomistic origins of electrolyte and coupled electron transport under nanoconfinement that will enable transformative advances in capacitive electrical energy storage and other energy-relevant interfacial systems.

Research Topics

electrical energy storage, hydrogen and fuel cells, charge transport, separations, water, materials and chemistry by design, mesostructured materials, synthesis (novel materials), synthesis (predictive)

Materials Studied

Materials: oxide, electrolytes, ionic liquid, porous

Interfaces: organic/inorganic, inorganic/inorganic, liquid/solid

Nanostructured Materials: 1D, 2D, 3D

Experimental and Theoretical Methods

X-ray diffraction and scattering, neutron diffraction and scattering, neutron spectroscopy, electron microscopy, scanning probe microscopy, surface science, molecular dynamics (MD), density functional theory (DFT), multiscale modeling 


Partner Institutions

  • Ames Laboratory
  • Argonne National Laboratory
  • Drexel University
  • North Carolina State University
  • Oak Ridge National Laboratory
  • Pennsylvania State University
  • Tulane University
  • University of California, Riverside
  • University of Tennessee
  • Vanderbilt University 

BES Staff Contact

Craig Henderson